A Retrospective on 25 years of Fundraising: So Many Changes!
Friday, June 24, 2016
By Robert I. Evans, Founder and President of Evans Consulting Group
Twenty-five years ago, I started The Evans Consulting Group in an effort to help nonprofits propel their fundraising operations. Along the way, I had hoped my clients would eventually be able to tackle innovative approaches to challenges facing the not-for-profit community and to find philanthropic support to make good things happen.
As I look at the list of nonprofits my team and I have served since 1991, I’m thrilled to see great diversity of agencies. The group includes a charity serving homeless male veterans; several prominent arts and cultural organizations; lots of houses of worship; numerous independent day schools; and a number of national organizations dealing with various priorities such as enhancing women’s issues, LGBTQ causes, and some impressive international projects.
In looking back, I also noticed how much the philanthropic “marketplace” has changed in 25 years. Perhaps the magnitude of giving today in support of America’s 1.2 million nonprofits reflects the evolution of philanthropy. Giving USA, the “bible” that tracks charitable giving, reported that Americans gave $102.5 billion in 1990, a figure that seemed sky-high then – only to be dwarfed by the $358 billion reported in gifts in 2014, more than three times the levels that were unimaginable a couple of decades ago!
What has changed in the last 25 years to effect such growth in giving? Here’s my personal appraisal of how philanthropy has grown:
As I look back, there are also some aspects of the fundraising world that we have embraced, either as tools or as concepts, and each of these – like society in general – has had a role in propelling change:
- Americans continue to be the most generous people on our planet, and as their personal wealth has increased, they have responded to significant calls for support to make ours a far better society.
- The top one percent of earners has amassed very significant wealth and, with only a handful of exceptions, is making proportionate contributions to impact our quality of life. Concomitantly, Baby Boomers of all income levels embrace philanthropy and are making serious commitments to volunteering their time as well as sharing their financial resources. New standards have been set every year!
- As a result of Wall Street having created more millionaires, we have “new rich” – people who grew up in low and middle income homes and are so appreciative that they, too, have become role models for others to emulate. They have had a desire to “give back” to entities that protected their families, educated them, and helped put them on the path that led them to professions and careers previously considered unattainable.
- Education – starting at the university level and cascading down to other levels – has opened the eyes and minds of so many people and, as a result, they are showing their gratitude in very generous ways. The “education category,” as reported by Giving USA, has become the second most important sector for giving, having replaced health and medical concerns (the category that had routinely been the priority of donors after religion). Today, colleges and universities have become fundraising “machines” that are setting higher and higher standards for other nonprofits to challenge.
So what do the next 25 years hold for America’s nonprofits and the world of philanthropy? I can’t predict how much higher giving will go, but I do contend that charitable giving is a way of life. And I’m personally thrilled to have been able to help more than 400 nonprofits over the past 25 years address their goals and aspirations and, in turn, alert hundreds of thousands of people to worthwhile causes and nonprofits everywhere.
- Technology has certainly altered how nonprofits conduct campaigns. Campaign management software is relatively inexpensive, easier to use, and commonplace in almost every nonprofit. Wealth screening software is within reach of almost every campaigner, and the Internet is the basis from which every campaign obtains critical information about donors. Social media outlets, like Facebook and Twitter, are still experimenting with ways to impact fundraising to propel the ease of giving and to open donor eyes to nonprofits and causes of all types and sizes. Witness, as two examples, “The Ice Bucket Challenge” and #GivingTuesday.
- The definition of “lead gifts” has changed dramatically. Eight, nine and ten-figure gifts are announced regularly today, and they are actively reflecting that campaign goals have skyrocketed. In the 1990s, campaigners would dream about million dollar gifts, almost impossible to secure, and campaigns plodded along with an occasional seven-figure commitment. What a huge difference!
- Financial transparency has become an essential part of nonprofit vocabulary because donors expect the organizations they support to be good stewards of the funds raised and to report about investment policies and approaches. Sophisticated donors also expect nonprofits to invest funds conservatively and cautiously while following “the prudent man rules.” Too many scandals, such as the Madoff mess, have alerted donors to demand better housekeeping of endowments and building funds, and this increased sensitivity has transformed in-house record-keeping and bookkeeping systems.
- As on-going research informs us, different types of donors behave differently. We are very aware that women give differently than men, that Baby Boomers give much better than Millennials, that people of faith give much more than the nonreligious, that regional behaviors impact the quality and size of gifts, and that donors are still – and always will be – motivated when their “heartstrings” are pulled.
- We have always contended that people give for a variety of reasons. However, taxes is certainly a motivating factor for donors, and we continue to learn that people of all economic levels make charitable decisions that impact their personal tax situations.
- New vehicles to help donors be more generous have been created, especially Donor Advised Funds (DAFs), which have quietly become incredible “savings accounts.” These funds help big donors who want to be assured of privacy and obtain lower fees than those they are afforded through foundations. Keep an eye out for much more publicity about DAFs in the coming years, as they become more widely discussed by some of the nation’s largest and most prestigious nonprofits.
- Fundraising vocabulary has also changed during the last two decades, reflecting the impact of Wall Street on giving and society in general. More and more, we talk about attracting “investors” who are stakeholders in the nonprofits they support.